Livestock Management: How to Take Care of Farm Animals in Winter

Atyadhik metrological bhinnata ke karan December aur January mahino ke douran vishesh roop se Bharat ke uttari rajjyon mein tapmaan mein bhari giravat aa jati hai.Sardiyon ke is mausam ke douran,pashuyon ka prabandhan karna vastav mein kathin hota hai aur isliye pashuyon ki uchit dekhbhal karna vastav mein mahatvapoorn hai.Isliye aaj hum pashuyon ke achche swasth ke liye sardiyon ke mausam mein dhyan rakhne ke liye pashupalan ki mahatvapoorn baaton aur karano par charcha karne ja rahe hai.

Three Things Require Utmost Attention

Dr. D.S. Malik HoD, Pashudhan utpadan prabandhan, Guru Angad Dev Pashu Chikitsha aur Pashu Vigyan Vishwavidyalay ne bataya ki is mausam mein 3 pahaluon par bahut dhyan dene ki avashyakta hai.

Environment modification through proper shelter Management

Poshan prabandhan aur uchit swasth dekhbhal ke maddhyam se sharir ke bhandar mein sudhaar.Janwaron ke star par hawa ke pravah ko badhit karne ke liye dhile avas pranali ke shed mein pardon ka upyog kiya jana chahiye.Parde tirpal,baans,sukhi ghaas,dhan ke puaal,jute aadi se banaya ja sakta hai.

Shed ke charon aur chayedaar pedon ko shed mein dhoop ki ghuspaith ko protsahit karne ke liye trim kiya jana chahiye jo na kebal garmi pradan karega balki bainganee kirnon ki karwayi ke karan pashu gharon ko kitanurahit bhi karega.Iske elava,janwaron ko khule khet mein din ke samay sidhe surya ke kirnon ke niche chod dena chahiye.

Janwaron ke shed aur pharsh lambe samay tak gila aur thanda nahi rehna chahiye.Yeh Pneumonia,bukhar,coccidiosis,dast aur yahan tak ki gambhir mamlon mein maut jaisi vibhinna bimariyon ke liye janwaron,vishesh roop se janwaron ko ujaagar kar sakta hai.

Dr.Malik ne sujhao diya ki bade janwaron mein 4-6 inch ke gehre tak upyukt bistar aur chote janwaron ke liye 2 inch concrete ke pharsh par uplabdh karaya jana chahiye kyunki thand ke pharsh ke sath janwaron ke seedhe sampark se chalan ke maddhyam se adhik sharir ki garmi ka nuksan hoga.Dhan ke puaal,sukhi ghass,gehoon bhusa,dhul,chawal ki bhusi aadi ka upyog bistar samagri ke roop mein kiya ja sakta hai.Ganne ki thailiyon se bane kapdon ka upyog bade janwaron par bhi kiya ja sakta hai taki unhe atyadhik sardi ke mausam mein insulation (Rodhan) aur garmi pradan ki ja sake.

Good Ventilation

Sardiyon ke douran achcha ventilation sunischit kiya jana chahiye.Kachre ke uchit niptaan aur ammonia gas ke nuntaam jamav ke liye shed ko din mein kam se kam do baar saaf karna chahiye.Janwaron ko niyamit roop se saaf kapde ya kuch brush se saaf karna chahiye.Sardiyon ke douran janwaron ke baaalon ko nahi katana chahiye.Sardiyon ke douran thande pani ke sath janwaron ko snan nahi karwana chahiye.

Animals should be provided with good nutritious and balanced diet during winters

Sardiyon ke douran pashuon ko achcha paushtik aur santulit aahar diya jana chahiye.Berseem,sabse jyada matra mein uplabdh hara chara,high protien pratishat aur pani ki matra hai,asani se stanpaan karane wale aur badhte janwaron ke utpadan star ka samarthan kar sakte hai.Isliye,tadanusar,protein yukt samagri yani ki cake mein arthik utpadan ke liye kaam ho jayega.Bibhinn prakar ke cake ka upyog sarson cake,kapaas beej cake,moongfali cake aur soybean ke gunchhe ke kram mein ho sakta hai.Yadi hare chare ki kami hai,toh bade pashuon ko khilane ke liye 25-30 kg phaleedaar chara 5-10 kg gehoon ke bhusa ke sath milaya ja sakta hai.Sharir ke tapmaan ko banaye rakhne ke liye is 3 kg kendrit mishran paryapt hai.Yadi chara durlav nahi hai,toh 40 se 50 kg achchi gunvatta wale hara chara maveshiyon aur bhainson mein 10 litre doodh tak utpadan banaye rakhne ke liye paryapt hoga.Sardiyon mein nitrate vishaktata aur bloat ki ghatnayon se bachne ke liye,leguminous fodders ko gair phaliyaan ya gehoon ke bhuse ke sath mishrit kiya jana chahiye.

Incorporate 2% mineral mixture and 1% salt in concentrate feed

Unhone salah di ki sardiyon mein 2% khanij mishran aur 1% namak ko dhyan kendrit feed mein shamil karna kabhi nahi bhoolna chahiye.Ise pratishthit nirmaataon se kharida jana chahiye.Sardiyon ke douran janwaron ko saaf taaza gunguna pani dena chahiye.Anye krimi ande aur larvae ko vikas ke apne atirikt charno mein rokne ke liye prarambhik khurak ko 21 din baad De-warming ko doharaya jana chahiye.Is samasya ko niyantrit karne ke liye ek shed mein aur janwaron par upyukt acaricides ka upyog karna chahiye.

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