Fish Farming: Ways to reduce ammonia without changing the pond water

Aajkal bharat mein machli palan (Fish Farming) ek trending business hai.Kebal manoranjan (Entertainment) aur aay (Income) hi nahi,balki kayi log social media par ane wale khabron (News) se akarshit hokar maidan mein utre hai.Ornamental machli,Carp,Tilapia ye is shetre mein agrane davedar hai.Machli palan ke liye thodi dekhbhal ki avashyakta hoti hai.Machli palan ke samay kisano ko kayi samasyaon ka samna karna padhta hai.Machliyon ka wajan kam hona,oxygen mein utar chadao,pani mein ammonia aur pH ka star,machli ke talabon se gandh aur lagatar pani ka badalna kisano ke liye sabhi badi samasyaen hai.

EM solution (Effective Microorganisms) aise sabhi samasyaon ka ek utkrsht samadhan hai.Ye ek Japanese Technology (Taknik) hai jo pani mein microorganisms ki sankhya ko prabhave dhang se badhata hai.Is unnat taknik mein kitanuon ko nasht karane aur biomass ko tejee se vighatit karne ki shamta hai.Ye kitnashak nahi hai,ise pehli bar 1982 mein Ero Research Organisation,TeroHiga ke professor ne duniya ke samne laya tha.Aaj,100 se adhik desh upyogkarta hai.Jaise ki ye ek probotic hai,ye mitti ya manav ke liye koi samasya paida nahi karta hai.Is taknik ka upyog na kebal machli palan ke shetre mein balki krishi aur svachhata ke shetre mein bhi kiya ja raha hai.Isme yeast,lactobacillus aur photosynthetic jaise bacteria hote hai.

Ammonia ke star mein parivartan machli kisano ke liye pramukh samasyaon mein se ek hai.Aap jante hai ki Ammonia ek zehereli gas hai.Jab Ammonia ka star badh jata hai,toh machliyan dhire dhire behoshi ki avastha mein chali jati hai aur phir mar jati hai.Pani mein iski matra kitni bhi badh jaye,us pani mein koi bhi antar nahi dekha ja sakta hai.Jaise jaise iska akar badhta jata hai hum machli ko pani ke upar muh kholkar tairte huye dekh sakte hai aur unke jabron ke niche laalima dikhai deta hai.4 dino ke bhitar ammonia ke sath pani mein mamuli gandh ana shuru ho jata hai.Ammonia mein vriddhi Hydrogen Sulhide ke roopantaran ke karan banti hai.Ye kabh kabhi talab se nikalne wale sare ande ki jardi ki gandh ke karan hota hai.Machliyon ke swasth ke liye humesha achcha hota hai ki ve ammonia ke star ko 0 star par rakhen.

EM solution iska ek upay hai.Ye vaigyanik roop se ammonia ke star ko kam karne ke liye paya gaya hai.Ye photosynthetic bacteria pani ke kano ka vighatan karta hai aur oxygen ke star ko badhata hai.Isi tarha Lactobacillus bacteria pani ke pH man ko 6-7 tak niyantrit karta hai.Is ghol mein hydrogen sulphate aur ammonia jaisi gason ko vighatit karne ka anokha shamta hai jo machli ke talab mein maujood ashuddhiyon ko poori tarha se hata deta hai aur us buri gandh ko khatam kar deta hai.Is ghol ke upyog se machli ka pachan behtar hota hai aur vajan badhta hai.Oxygen ki matra badhane par hum adhik machli jama kar sakte hai.

How to use EM solution in Pond water ?

EM solution ka anuprayog 20 liters pani mein hai,8 liters pani mein 1 kg gur milaye.Phir is mishran ko 11 liters shudh pani mein milaye.1 liter EM solution jore aur achchi tarha milaye.Jar ke dhakkan ko kaskar band rakha jana chahiye.Jar ko samay samay par kholna aur gas ki nikasi karna avashyak hai.Gur ka upyog bacteria ke vikas ke liye kiya jata hai.Mishran ko aisi jagah par rakhen jaha woh dhoop ke sampark mein na aye.Lagbhag 10-12 dino ke baad,phal pakne ki gandh poore kamre mein phail jati hai aur mishran ke upar ej patli parat ban jati hai.Jab yeh is coating ki baat ati hai toh hum pehchan sakte hai ki yeh mishran upyog ke liye paka hua hai.Mishran ka upyog 3 mahine tak kiya ja sakta hai.1000 liters ke liye prati saptah 100 ml ka upyog karna sabse achcha hai.

How to make EM solution at home?

EM solution ghar pe bhi banaya ja sakta hai.Mishran mein pake hue papita (Papaya), Kaddoo (Pumpkin) aur kele (Banana) ke phal mein se pratyek ko 3 kg bhoone.Is mishran mein 10 liters pani,ek anda (Egg) aur 1 kg gur le aur achchi tarha milaye.Jar ke dhakkan ko kaskar bandh kiya jana chahiye aur garm sthan par rakha jana chahiye.Kabhi kabhi gas ko kholna na bhule.Ye 22 dino ke baad upyog karne ke liye taiyar hai.Ye ammonia ke star ko kam karne ka ek prabhave tarika hai.

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